## Carnival of Mathematics #30

So, I was first rather distressed when I found out I was doing Carnival #30; I thought, 30 isn’t that interesting a number, is it? But it turns out that:

1. 30 is the first number that’s a sum of four distinct nonzero squares, that is, $30=1^2+2^2+3^2+4^2$. (Sequence)

2. 30 is the first Giuga number. (Sequence) It’s a composite number n such that given any prime factor p, p is a divisor of $\frac{n}{p}-1$. In other words:

The factors of 30 are 2, 3, and 5. We need to check all three factors.

2: $\frac{30}{2}-1 = 14$, and 14 is divisible by 2.
3: $\frac{30}{3}-1 = 9$, and 9 is divisible by 3.
5: $\frac{30}{5}-1 = 5$, and 5 is divisible by 5.

3. Speaking of 2, 3, and 5, 30 is the first Sphenic number. That means it has exactly three distinct prime factors. (Sequence)

4. Finally, 30 is the largest very round number: it has the property that all smaller numbers relatively prime to it are prime. (Sequence) This was proved independently by Schatunowsky in 1893 and Wolfskehl (of the Wolfskehl Prize for Fermat’s Last Theorem) in 1901. The proof involves the Bertrand-Chebyshev theorem that given n>1, there exists at least one prime between n and 2n.

So, on to the submissions!

David Eppstein provides the visualization of Ageev’s squaregraph, which includes a dazzling hyperbolic line arrangement and waggishly leaves coloring it as an “exercise”.

Polymath gives a proof that the nine-point center (aka the Feuerbach circle or the Euler circle) exists. That’s (given a triangle) a circle that passes through: the three midpoints of the sides, the three feet of the altitudes, and the three midpoints of the segments connecting each vertex to the orthocenter.

Almost Philosophy introduces Turing Machines and the “Entscheidungsproblem”: is it possible to discover an algorithm to solve a given math problem?

Alvaro Fernandez at Sharp Brains has a mental visualizing puzzle involving the shape of numbers.

Denise at Let’s Play Math celebrates April Fool’s Day with a selection of math fallacies.

Omar Abo-Namous gets grumpy about Lazy and Impractical Mathematicians, or more specifically a paper about if it’s worth it to hike to the next stop if you miss a bus.

Maria at TCMTechnologyBlog shows off what’s possible with density equalizing maps; the countries of the world inflate and deflate like balloons to model national wealth, or deaths from wars.

Jonathan at JD2718 celebrates birthday triangles and birthday polynomials, observing that students “take their own birthdays quite seriously”.

The American Institute of Mathematics recently announced the discovery of a “third degree transcendental L-function”. Charles Daney asks the natural question: what on earth are third degree transcendental L-functions?

… and I’m out! Recursivity takes over from here on April 18th for the Carnival #31.

### 9 Responses

1. […] Carnival Time! The 30th Carnival of Mathematics is up, featuring many intersting posts and some interesting facts about the number 30 (including […]

2. […] 8:13 am Posted by jd2718 in Math, Math Education, blogging, mathematics. trackback #30, at the Number Warrior. A dozen posts, wide variety. Don’t miss the anti-math post at Too Much Cookies […]

3. […] of Mathematics #30 The 30th Carnival of Mathematics has been posted over at The Number Warrior. Topics include visualizing Ageev’s squaregraph, a […]

4. thanks for putting this together!

typo:”sharp” brains (not “smart”). [ed: fixed, thank you!]

5. […] Carnival of Mathematics #30 « The Number Warrior […]

6. […] 2008/4/4: The Number Warrior (posted!) […]

7. […] on July 21, 2009 by Jason Dyer I have hosted the Carnival of Mathematics three times before: Carnival of Mathematics #30 Carnival of Mathematics #43 Carnival of Mathematics […]

8. The number 30 is integral to the distribution of prime numbers: http://www.primesdemystified.com/thirty

9. […] Carnival of Mathematics #30 « The Number Warrior […]